Valdštejn tsev fuabtais Cia ib saib

Valdstein (Waldstein) yog ib qho kev puas tsuaj hauv Semil koog tsev kawm ze ze Turnov, nyob hauv thaj chaw Bohemian Paradise. Cov neeg lub tsev ntawm tus tswv ntawm Valdštejn los ntawm ob feem ntawm 13. xyoo pua. Nws yog ib qho ntawm cov tuam tsev hiob hauv thaj av no.

Tsev fuabtais ua ib tug ntawm cov ceg Markvartic txog lub xyoo 1260 rau 1280. Nws yog tej zaum los ntawm Jaroslav Hruštice los yog nws tus tub Zdenek Wallenstein thiab ces ua lawv tsev neeg qhov chaw nyob, raws li uas lawv thiab lawv tej xeeb ntxwv tau siv lub predicate lords ntawm Wallenstein. Lawv raug xa mus rau raws li Wallenstein.

Jaroslav z Hruštice (Hruštice yog ib lub fortress ze Turnov) thawj siv lub npe Jaroslav Lemberk vim nws yog ib tug nyob hauv Lemberk tsev, tus tub ntawm Havel Limerk. Havel ntawm Lemberk tau los ntawm tsev neeg ntawm Markvartic, uas tau txais qhov chaw uas muaj ntau heev nyob rau Northern Bohemia los ntawm kev pab ntawm Premyslids. Tus niam ntawm Jaroslav yog Zdislava ntawm Lemberk, ua kev zoo siab hauv 1995.

Wallenstein nyob 100 xyoo. Piv txwv li. Kuv paub tias Zdeněk ntawm Wallenstein, ib tug courtier ntawm King John ntawm Luxemburg, Hynek ntawm Wallenstein, uas nyob rau hauv 1336 koom nyob rau hauv cov tub rog expeditions mus rau hauv Lithuania Czech King thiab John von Wallenstein, uas rau thiaj tau qiv 1500 groschens Margrave Charles, tom qab huab tais Charles IV.

14 kawg. xyoo pua tsev loj yeej muaj cov haiv neeg Vartenberks uas tau koom kuj yuav Markvartic. Nrog Henry ntawm Wartenberg txiav txim siab los khom lawv cov nqi kho mob Hussite thawj coj Jan Zizka ntawm Trocnov, uas 1424 caij nplooj ntoos hlav tuaj nrog ib pab tub rog mus Turnovo, kov yeej nws, tsis pom zoo nws monastery thiab kov yeej lub Wallenstein. Tom qab ntawd nws hais rau ntawm Mr. Valečov, nws tus phooj ywg, uas nyob rau hauv 1427 kaw rau tub huabtais Sigismund Korybutovič, neeg sib tw rau lub zwm txwv. Nyob rau hauv 1431 yog lwm supporter ntawm Hussites Tsev fuabtais Ramesh kev sib nrauj los ntawm Stakory (ces Hradek).

Nyob rau hauv lub xyoo 1438-1439 lub tsev fuabtais (thiab nyob ze settlements Kavčiny) seized gangs ntawm tub sab thiab yog li ntawd ob leeg nyob rau hauv 1440 kov yeej lub xeev cov nyiaj ntsuab. Hloov tswv txuas ntxiv. Lawv nyob ntawm no Šofové ntawm Helfenburk vim 1514 Smiřičtí ntawm Smiřic. Nyob ib ncig ntawm 1550 tsev fuabtais burnt cia nyob rau hauv ib tug tua hluav taws.

Qhov kawg ntawm 17. xyoo pua leeb tswm nyob rau hauv lub ruins ntawm Vaclav Holan Rovenský pib ntawm no thiab muaj kev sib txawv pilgrims. Tus tswv ntawm lub zos qub txeeg qub tes Wallenstein (tswv ntawm lub xyoo 1620-1821) thiab tom qab lawv Aehrenthalové (1821-1945) ua los ntawm lub ruins ntawm ib tug romantic pilgrimage. Nyob rau hauv 1713 tsim tawm pob zeb kauj ruam 1722 yog thawj loog ua lub tsev teev ntuj. John ntawm Nepomuk thiab tsis ntev tom qab ib tug xov tooj ntawm saum ntawm 1817 yog ces St. Chapel. John the Baptist. Xyoo 1836 ua tau lub rooj vag rau tus choj zeb, mounted ib tug series ntawm sculptures.

Cov tsev neeg hauv nroog Cehululkov muaj lub tsev noj mov hauv lub tsev fuabtais 1923 rau 1949. Tom qab ntawd nws tau muaj nyob hauv Sokol pab neeg. Txij thaum Ntiaj Teb Tsov Rog II, qhov chaw nruab nrab.

Kev puas tsuaj yog puas siv tau ntawm ko taw raws daim paib liab thiab xim liab, qhov ze tsheb tshaj plaws yog txog 1 km. Los ntawm Turnov, nyob rau hauv lub cheeb tsam cadastral ntawm Mašov ze Turnov, lub tsev fuabtais nyob hauv qhov chaw 3 km jjv. kev coj. Tours yog tau rau lub caij nyoog, nrog cov nqi nkag. Tus liam nws tus kheej yog 389 meters, qhov nce yog 90 meters. Cov xwm cia Hruboskalsko yog nyob rau sab hnub tuaj ntawm lub tsev fuabtais.

Nthuav

  • Hrad se německy nazıval Waldenstein, thiab lwm yam cuab yeej Hav zoov pob zeb.
  • Yog hais tias koj tau txais cov kev txiav txim siab Karla Hynka Máchy. Tus sau zaj dab neeg 1836 yog Frantisek Mašek (Maschek, 1790-1862).
  • Nyob rau hauv Valdštejně složil skladatel Josef Bohuslav Foerster oratorium Sv. Václav a Thib tsib Symphony.
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